Meritocracy basically says that people who are worthy will be the ones to reap rewards, and the natural process that follows is that skilful people are able to be better off than others in terms of accumulating wealth since they perform better. In a nutshell, a policy maker that has this inclination will tend to view poverty as a responsibility of the individual and not of the state.
Category: Impact of Poverty
Published on Thursday, 13 November 2014 15:13
Written by Super User
In spite of the act that Canada is a financially strong country, poverty still exists. According to National Council of Welfare, poverty rates in Canada have not changed remarkably in Canada, excluding the seniors. They gained from the programs that were devised for lowering their poverty rates (Gyles 2009). For the remaining poor of Canada, last twenty-five years have not made any difference. In addition, in fact, things arguably have gotten worse, with cuts to the social support of Canada.
Defining poverty in Canada:
The most apparent aspect of poverty is low income. No official definition of poverty exists in Canada; generally, Low Income Cut-Off is used to measure variations and poverty in it. Almost 10.8% Canadians, in 2005, had after tax income lower than LICO. These figures show a remarkable challenge for the Country (Lee 2000). However, poverty is not only about lower income rate, it is something more than that. It is also inability to have access to a sustainable livelihood. Poverty is about being compelled to make difficult choices between necessities such as clothing, shelter, food, heat and other necessities (Rouleau 2007). Poverty in Canada cuts across the social boundaries: no one is exception to be poor. Some people may be poor for a short period in their lives while others may be fastened by poverty throughout their lives (Gyles 2009). Poverty is not an equal opportunity offender as it can strike anyone. Specific groups and demographics are over-represented among poor. Newcomers, aboriginals and immigrants and people with disabilities commonly experience greater risk of poverty. Women hold high probability to be poor than men and some groups that are already susceptible to marginalization are at double risk of being excluded by the society due to poverty.
Causes of Poverty in Canada:
Reasons of poverty are not straightforward and simple, even for an individual. At the national level, reasons of poverty are even more intricate and hard to disentangle. Factors causative to poverty range from person to structural. This can turn poverty into a great challenge to deal with: initiatives targeting one kind or aspect of poverty can prove to be highly victorious in achieving a certain objective but with partial impact on poverty in general. That is why, a range of policies, programs and responses at national level are necessary. Contribution and support from other sectors is also necessary, including charitable and volunteer organizations, family, friends and faith (Rouleau 2007).
Poverty also arises of circumstances that are harder to control, such as the death of a spouse of loss of health. In such cases, government policies and programs need to be helping and supportive for people to maintain a stable and sustainable livelihood throughout a difficult period. Structural issues also can cause poverty. In these cases, policies, laws and structures are required to be changed. Examples include, access to healthcare, affordability of housing, the access to education and training, the adequacy of employment insurance and the lack of reasonable wage from employment.Social issues such as sexism and racism also can contribute to poverty. Government policy, in this case, should be limited in shifting broad context, but administrative bodies and governments also can be pro-active in reducing harms or poverty or helping groups to become self sufficient (Gyles 2009). That address the multiple factors of poverty, government have potential to substantially affecting the lives of poor people and poverty, by adopting multi-facet strategy with projects.
Emotional affects of poverty:
Poverty has potential to make people emotionally disturb. It takes a social and personage excise- people may become dejected, helpless, anxious and withdrawn from society. They may feel cut off from society, marginalized, and deprived of the prospect of contributing meaningfully to their society as they might wish to. Poverty has been identified as a social determinant of health. In addition, some evidence is available that societies with significant poverty levels face more health problems (Rouleau 2007). All these factors can put families and communities into tension. Poverty can be prolonged and time consuming, preventing people to spend sufficient and quality time with their children, or preventing people from taking part in their society in effective manner as fully as possible.
Economic cost of poverty:
There is also an economic cost associated with poverty. These costs include the loss of productivity, increased healthcare costs, judicial and policing costs as downfall of society results in crime. Recent researches have verified that when incomepoverty and security measures, affordable housing, are not dealt with, government of Canada required to spend more in managing the warning signs. In the meantime, the Nordic countries have equality among individuals can produce economic vitality (Gyles 2009). Poverty weakens the rights of individuals to live with distinction, as an image possessor of God, to contribute in society, and to meet fundamental needs. Therefore, it is our collective responsibility of us to respond to the issue of poverty (Raphael).
Who is liable to solve the issue of poverty?
Every individual in society has a role to play in solving the issue of poverty. This includes faith non-profit, voluntary and neighborhoods consumers, other, firms and agencies organizations, labor unions and government as well. There are specific items which merely the localized groups and individuals does while other considerations that might be extremely effective if started and done with the region place. The us government can work the vast majority of areas of poverty productively and effortlessly (Kazemipur 2008), nevertheless. Governments have greater resources and potential to change insurance plans and properties that can affect greatly to those living in poverty. Policy and actions of government is also the representation of our collective wish to do something to make the situation better. The federal government is responsible to take actions about erasing and minimizing poverty; individuals and other sectors of society can then contribute with their efforts to fight with poverty.